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Democratic People's Republic of Algeria is a country in Africa bordering Morocco, Western Sahara, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Libya and Tunisia. The extent Algeria is the largest country on the African continent and extends from the Mediterranean coast to far into the Sahara. The land included in the area of North Africa between the Mediterranean and the Atlantic , Sahara designated as the Maghreb.

Algeria has three distinct landscape types: coastal, mountain and desert. The fertile coastal areas in the north has a typical Mediterranean climate with sunny, warm summers and cool, rainy winters. The coastline is rocky and has few natural harbors.

The plateau Chott and the part of the Atlas Mountains, located in the Sahara have more extreme continental climate with warm summers and colder winters. It can be frost and snow in winter and the nights can be cold, but the day is relatively warm. Just south of the Atlas Mountains lies a narrow belt of steppe landscape. Biskra, located here, has a normal annual rainfall of 159 mm.

In the country south of the Atlas Mountains Sahara is the very dry climate and searing heat. The dry and warm sciroccovinden from the south can at times lead sahara heat northward.

Sahara is almost completely dry. It may rain every now and then, but the quantities are so small and irregular that it is not captured in the climate statistics. In southeastern Algeria Hoggar mountains rising up to almost 2700 m.

Algeria's environmental problems include soil erosion, polluted wastewater, pollution from oil refinery and a lack of fresh water. All electricity produced by fossil fuels.
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