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Phoenicians colonized the islands around. 1000 BC, and used them as the basis for further expansion in the western Mediterranean. Later came the islands under the control city of Carthage, ca. 400 BC, and as a result of the Punic Wars took over the Romans in 218 BC Islands flourished under Roman rule, which numerous monuments testify. In AD 60 the Apostle Paul suffered shipwreck in St. Paul's Bay, and since Christianity had a foothold in Malta. When the Roman Empire was divided in 395, followed by Malta in the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire. Most likely the islands were also raided by the Germanic Vandals once in 400 years. In 870 the islands were conquered by the Arabs. Arabs tolerated the Christian religion, and introduced crops such as citrus fruits and cotton. The most tangible the left, however, the language Maltese, based on the Arabic language.

In 1090 conquered the Sicilian Normans islands, and so they followed French angevinerne, the German Hohenstaufen house and from 1287 the Kingdom of Aragon. The 32 Maltese noble families lead their origins back to this period, they then reported the "barons of Djar il Bniet and Buqana" leading his family back to 1090.

Towards the end of the 1400s and the 1500s Malta exposed to an increasing number of pirate attacks from the Turks and North Africa, and a large part of the population was sold in slavery in the Muslim world. In 1551, all the inhabitants of the small island of Gozo, up to 6,000 people, resulted in slavery to Libya.

In 1530 the islands were granted by Spain (Aragon and Kastilla was united with Spain in 1469) to St John eternal rent. The militant monastic order had been thrown out of the Holy Land in the 1200s, and then from Rhodes in 1522. In 1565 they resisted a full siege of the Turkish army and the siege of Malta was one of the turning points in the Turks attempt to conquer Europe. After the siege was the major fortifications in and around the new capital Valletta built.

Johan Brads Order was replaced by the French as Napoleon I conquered the islands on the way to his campaign in Egypt. Napoleon asked for refuge to get supplies, but when he came into the harbor in Valletta, he directed his guns against his hosts. Grand Master Ferdinand von Hompesch zu Bolheim capitulated, and Napoleon stayed some days in Malta, and then arranged to bring all movable personal property owned Order. He also established a French administration for Malta, guarded by a significant military unit. However, the Maltese did not much about the religionsfientlige French, and rebelled. The French had then entrench themselves behind walls of Valletta. Storbrittannia then sent ammunition and aid to the rebels, and eventually its fleet to block islands. In 1800 surrendered as the French, and the islands became a British protectorate.

In 1814, as part of the Treaty of Paris, Malta officially became part of the British Empire. Malta was an important supply port and fleet headquarters. The opening of the Suez Canal in 1869 increased Malta's importance, and the islands became an important stop on the road between Storbrittannia and India. In the 1930s, however, the British Mediterranean fleet moved to Alexandria in Egypt, since Malta is so close it when fascist Italy.

In the period from 1940 to 1943 were highly susceptible to Malta. Mussolini's Italy claimed Malta, and Axis forces secured eventually control of French North Africa and the Balkan Peninsula. This meant that the nearest British bases lay in Gibraltar and Egypt, thousands of miles away. Malta was subjected to a relentless bombing, Valletta was Europe's most bombed city. The population deported, however, an outstanding endurance, and was in a letter from King George VI dated 15 pril 1942 to the island's Governor Lieutenant-General Sir William Dobbie awarded the George Cross for his efforts. This cross is found today in Malta's flag.

After the war, and after a brief period of political instability, Malta became independent 21 September 1964. According to the constitution of 1964, the British monarch head of state, and the Governor General was in her place. 13th December 1974, however, Malta became a republic in the British Commonwealth with a president as head of state. 31, March 1979 was the British military forces pulled out after the military pact between Britain and Malta went out. 1 May 2004 went to Malta in the European Union, and 1 January 2008 Malta takes aim at linking to the Eurozone. The country has adopted, but not related to the Schengen Agreement. People from EU and EEA do not need a visa and even an expired passport can be accepted.
Popular Destinations

  #1  Valletta
  #2  Birgu

  #3  Bugibba
  #4  St. Julian's

  #5  Mellieha
  #6  Sliema

Popular attractions

  #1 Fort St Angelo

  #2 Misrah Ghar il-Kbir

  #3 St. John's Co-Cat...

  #4 National War Museum

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