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Iceland is a republic located on an island in the North Atlantic Ocean on the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, just south of the Arctic Circle. The island's capital and largest city is Reykjavík, whose suburbs and surrounding areas on the west coast is home to two-thirds of the island's population. Inland is characterized by lavaørkener, mountains and volcanoes, and is uninhabited.

Iceland gained independence from Denmark in World War II, and the Republic of Iceland was established on 17 June 1944.

Iceland is a volcanic island, in addition to lying at the intersection of the North American and Eurasian continental plates also located over a hot spot. The island is with this volcanic and geologically active.

Iceland has an active "pool culture" in the many swimming pools also outdoors, which is heated by hot springs. Reykjavik has seven public baths, of which only one covered under roof

Iceland is the world's eighteenth largest island and the second largest in Europe (after the UK).

Today Iceland is a democratic country with a free market economy. In recent years, Iceland has been ranked among the wealthiest and most developed nations in the world. The development stagnated also somewhat as a result of the financial crisis in 2008, which led to three of the country's banks collapsed.
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