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The city enjoys a pleasant subtropical climate with hot and humid summer periods, while winters are temperate and dry. Although summers can be very hot, one is spared from the much more intense summer heat in the more northern tropical parts of Queensland. The warmest month is January with average temperature of approx. 25 ° C while June is the coldest month with an average temperature of approx. 15 ° C. The favorable climate conducive to large city relaxed lifestyle and an important factor in the influx of new residents, mainly from the southern parts of Australia.

Population Explosion in the past 20 years and projections for future population growth has placed great pressure on the local authorities. The projected population growth until 2020 is estimated at well over half a million people. The city is therefore above challenges associated with an infrastructure that date. today are not able to cope with this anticipated growth. This transport networks, electricity networks, scalable measure that threatens forest in rural areas and last but not least, the availability of fresh water. The level of the city's reservoirs were at. January 2005 at a record low of 35% as a result of the worst drought in over 100 years and extraordinary measures have been initiated to reduce the city's water consumption.

Unlike other major Australian cities like Sydney and Melbourne where municipalities are largely autonomous, then all municipalities in Brisbane incorporated into a single large urban municipality, the City of Brisbane, where all public functions associated city administered by the Brisbane City Council. This makes the City of Brisbane to Australia's largest urban municipality in accordance with land use, population and budget. The City Council is composed of one councilor from each of the city's 26 electoral districts and representatives of these records are held every four years. In conjunction with the City Council election also elected one person to the city's top office of Lord Mayor of Brisbane, a record since March 2004 is possessed by Campbell Newman.

The local slang name of the city is "Brissie" in the faith tradition with typical Australian ordforkortelser. The city's inseparable connection to the river will recognize the name of "The River City". Other nicknames like "Brisneyland" and "Bris Vegas" refers to the city's special relaxed lifestyle.

The area which today constitutes Brisbane was discovered by British expeditions explored the Brisbane River in 1823. In 1824, the colonial administration decided in New South Wales to establish a penal colony in the area that today constitutes Redcliffe. The first penal colony was, however, shifted in favor of the area that today is Brisbane's city center, largely due to better access to fresh water. The city was opened for ordinary citizens to settle in 1839. Brisbane became the state capital in 1869 when Queensland became a separate colony, despite this did not formal city status until 1902. The name Brisbane city is given in honor of Sir Thomas Brisbane who was Governor of New South Wales in the period 1821-1825.

During the Second World War did Brisbane as a base for Allied forces, and house the headquarters of American General Douglas MacArthur was as commander of the Allied effort in the southwestern Pacific Ocean. The large tilsedeværelsen of soldiers was not smooth, which degenerated into a mass brawl in the streets nicknamed Battle of Brisbane, 26 and 27 November 1942.

Brisbane is located in the area designated as South East Queensland that make all buildings from the Sunshine Coast to the north and to the Gold Coast and the state border in the south. The city's area stretches from the neighborhoods Parkinson and Drewvale in the south to districts Bald Hills and Brighton in the south, and from Lake Manchester in the west to Wynnum and Lytton by the Pacific Ocean to the east. The city center or CBD (Central Business District) is located geographically in the center of town, and although a number of neighborhoods located on the coast is considered Brisbane as a elveby. The city's topography is a mixture of alluvial plains and scattered hills where Mount Coot-Tha is the city's highest point. Low-lying neighborhoods has its history been repeatedly affected by flooding where the last major flood occurred in 1974.

North of Brisbane in the Sunshine Coast area, we find a number of large municipalities as Caboolture, Redcliffe and Redlands. In the south-east is the town of Ipswich with its 137,000 inhabitants. South Brisbane, we find the great Township Logan and far south to state border is the holiday paradise Gold Coast. This settlement enables Brisbane with its neighboring cities and neighboring communities from Noosa Heads in the north to Tweed Heads in the south are given the nickname "The 200 km city".
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